Taxpayer Identification Numbers (TIN) are used similar to social security numbers in that it is primarily used to declare tax liability. It is also sometimes known as a Tax Identification Number or a Federal Taxpayer Identification Number. The Social Security Administration or the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) can issue TIN numbers to individuals (ITIN) who are looking to apply for one and cannot obtain a social security number.
Types of TINs
There are different types of TINs that a business or individual can apply for. For instance, an Employer Identification Number (EIN) are for those registering their business or company. As previously mentioned, the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) can issue this type of tax identification number. In addition, individuals who are looking to report income, an Individual Tax Identification Number (ITIN) can be issued as well. Applying for a tax identification number may vary from state to state. The application process may also differ depending on what type of TIN you will be applying for.
Doing Business in Ohio
If you are looking to report taxes for your business, you will need to apply for an EIN for your business (see this Ohio guide). This is assuming you have already acquired all the necessary licenses to operate your business. You can apply for an EIN by downloading the application form on the IRS website. Alternately, you can also apply online, but it is subjected to eligibility requirements. One requirement mentioned is that you are required to have a social security number or an ITIN to apply for an EIN.
Individual Tax Identification Number (ITIN)
If you do not have a social security number and need to apply for an ITIN in Ohio, you may apply via the channels previously mentioned above. You can also apply for an ITIN for persons who will be filed as dependents on your tax return, but do not have a social security number. If this is your first time learning or applying for an ITIN, it is recommended to visit the IRS website to obtain further information. Additionally, if you prefer to speak with someone face-to-face, please make an appointment to visit your local IRS office. To find your nearest IRS office, please visit the IRS website under the help section and under the telephone and local assistance category.